Warp in textile production

The preparation of the warp for fabric production is the first stage of actual production: from the designer’s desk it goes to the warper. The designed fabric has satisfied the aesthetic and technical checks and is waiting to be made for real.

From designer to warper

After the fabric design phase – in which the style office, together with the technical office, selects the best yarns for the warp and weft – the production process begins: the warp yarn, gathered around the warper by the machines in the warping department, waits to be taken to the loom for weaving.

warp production fabrics

The focus on quality in production

A key technological component is the drop wires on the loom. Present since the dawn of mechanical weaving, the drop wires that jump on each warp thread are fundamental to the quality of production: if a thread breaks, the drop wire slides down and stops the loom, so a technician can intervene; and guarantee a faultless fabric.

 

Fabrics that are uniform to the eye and to the touch

On a flat loom, the healds, through which the warp threads pass, set the rhythm of the weaving and create the weave with their alternating movement. The warp threads rise and fall; the weft threads are placed in front of the comb, which beats regularly on the newly formed weave: this is the continuous rhythm that creates the fabrics; pleasant and homogeneous both to the eye and to the touch.

 

Aesthetic, technical and market requirements

The end result is the new fabric ready for dispatch – after it has passed under the watchful eyes of the quality department. From the seemingly simple yarn wrapped around the warp we have obtained fabrics of all types and weaves, depending on the requirements that each customer asks of us. In fact, the choice of yarns for warp and weft does not only respond to aesthetic or market requirements: from each yarn – and therefore from each combination of yarns – we obtain a fabric with precise technical characteristics.

warp weave fabric production

Would you like to know the warp yarns that make up the fabrics we can produce for you and your customers? On the contact page you will find all our contact details. Call us or write to us: our technicians are at your disposal to answer any questions and give you the best advice.

Natural stain-resistant fabrics

Combining the qualities of a natural fabric with the practicality of a stain-resistant fabric? Thanks to nanotechnology, it is possible.

The nanotechnological treatment consists of a special bath that makes the fabric stain-resistant while maintaining its colour, softness and brightness. It is not a surface coating, but acts deep inside the fibres of the yarn.

 

The convenience of water repellency for long-lasting beautiful fabrics

This makes the fabric easy to keep clean and beautiful over time. All it takes is a few simple steps, as you can see in the video: just gently dab the fabric with a sponge or blotting paper to prevent the stain from forming.

And together with the labels of our products with nanotechnological treatment we provide an information label: NAturallly TECHnologic – the fabric that learns from nature. The treatment is natural and permanent, because it acts on the fibre characteristics of the yarn (and is not a surface coating).

tag with writing and photo on blue houndstooth fabric
The tag that tells how the lotus effect works on fabrics

The fabric becomes stain-resistant and water-repellent, while also retaining the qualities we value in natural fabrics – i.e. it remains antistatic, breathable and non-toxic.

Stain-resistant is available for all fabrics

The nanotechnological treatment that makes fabrics stain-resistant is available on all the articles in the catalogue.

Our production is characterised in particular by the use of natural fibres: cotton, linen and wool. And it is on these types of yarns that nanotechnology is at its best; because the fabrics retain their natural qualities, and in addition there is the practicality of stain protection.

composition of six sofa fabrics in soft colours folded and overlapped
Some fabrics with natural yarns and anti-stain treatment

Nanotechnological treatment for stain-resistant fabrics that retain the qualities of natural fibres is not exclusive to large quantities. In our cutting fabric catalogue, articles with stain-resistant treatment are also available in small quantities.

We have especially in mind craftsmen and upholsterers, who may be working on individual pieces, but who certainly want to offer their customers the best fabrics in terms of both aesthetics and technical characteristics.

rolls of upholstery fabrics on shelves
Some rolls of stain-resistant fabrics available in cut-length

If you would like to know about the availability of nanotechnological stain-resistant cut-lenght fabrics, detailed information and samples, please contact our offices: we are at your disposal.

 

Lotus effect: nanotechnology for textiles

Nanotechnology is a high-tech process that makes it possible to apply naturally occurring qualities to materials. Thanks to this innovation we can obtain water-repellent fabrics.

It all began when the so-called lotus effect was discovered.

What is the lotus effect?

We have probably all seen the lotus flower at least in photographs: large petals, white to pink in colour, resting on large, flat, round green leaves; and on these leaves, large drops of water.

lotus flower
A lotus flower on the water of a pond

(Photo by Marina Logvin on Unsplash)

This flower grows in wet and muddy environments, real swamps, and you would expect to see leaves just as dirty and wet: however, the leaves of the lotus flower always remain dry and clean.

This is due to the special structure of the leaf surface. This is due to the special structure of the leaf surface. Apparently smooth, this surface actually has microscopic ripples that are invisible to the naked eye.

On surfaces with a normal structure, the water droplets adhere and then slide, allowing dirt to penetrate; on these tiny ripples, the water droplets do not slide, but roll, taking the dirt particles with them.

Nanotechnology fabrics: innovation and practicality

Once this extraordinary natural property has been discovered, nanotechnology enters the field. It allows this lotus effect to be imitated, resulting in water- and stain-repellent fabrics.

leaves with drops of water
The drops of water on the leaves of the lotus flower

(Photo by Julia Schwab on Pixabay)

Nanotechnology is not a superficial coating, but acts deep down at the molecular level, so the fabric retains all its natural characteristics: it is non-toxic, breathable, antistatic, resistant to both wet and dry cleaning, allows faster drying and is easy to clean with neutral products, thus avoiding the use of toxic and polluting chemical solvents.

The treatment is also permanent and maintains the quality of the colours and fabrics over time.

How to remove stains from a nanotechnology fabric

This technological innovation reveals itself in all its practicality when a liquid is spilled on a fabric.

Depending on the situation, it will be necessary to act in two ways:

  • If the liquid has remained on the surface: to remove the stains, dab lightly with a dry cloth or kitchen paper.
  • If dirt has penetrated due to strong pressure: lightly rub the stained area with a damp, non-abrasive sponge and rinse with a clean sponge.

For washing, use a small amount of neutral detergent and rinse thoroughly. When completely dry, iron at a medium temperature. In any case, just follow the instructions on the fabric label carefully.

Nanotechnology fabrics for sofas and armchairs

Sofas, armchairs and all upholstered furniture are obviously “natural targets” for staining liquids: wine, coffee, soft drinks, to name but a few. And so upholstery fabrics are the natural field of application for nanotechnologies that exploit the natural properties of the lotus effect.

bicchiere di vino rosso rovesciato
Red wine stains are very annoying

(Photo by Security on Pixabay)

The nanotechnological stain-resistant finish can be applied to any fabric, which will retain its natural characteristics and at the same time acquire water-repellent properties.

To find out more and learn more about all the properties of stain-resistant fabrics, please contact us.

Fabric colorfastness: quality that lasts

The dyeing process of our items ensures a perfect fabric colorfastness. For quality products that meet the needs of you and your customers.

The comfort of a removable cover

Those who buy a removable sofa certainly do so for the convenience of being able to put the cover in the washing machine. And machine washing is done not only to remove particular stains from time to time, but also to periodically refresh the covers and seat or back cushions, for example. So it’s critical to ensure the fabric colorfastness over time for that upholstery.

rotoli tessuto righe bianche e blu
Art. Fiesta e Trieste

The dyeing process

Sofas, armchairs and other upholstered furniture made from fabrics that have not been dyed properly can lead to unpleasant surprises: when the upholstery is put into the washing machine, it is faded, the color has lost its brilliance and uniformity – sometimes even after just one wash. In order to ensure that the fabric’s color holds up perfectly, every step of the dyeing process is important, so that the color penetrates deeply into the fibers and is firmly fixed.

dettaglio tessuto giallo
Art. Kinder

The characteristics of a good fabric

Fullness, uniformity, brightness, durability: these are the essential characteristics of the color, and that a good fabric must have and must maintain over time to be used in the production of sofas, armchairs and upholstered furniture quality. In order to obtain these characteristics, the dyeing process of Cartex Italia’s fabrics, in yarn or in piece, is entrusted to partners who have shown professionalism, reliability and timeliness over the years.

dettaglio tessuto damascato rosso
Art. Imperial

Quality products for satisfied customers

It is because of their and our experience that we can be sure to provide you with beautiful, solidly colored fabrics; and guarantee that they will remain so over time. So that you, in turn, can produce quality products to the complete satisfaction of your customers.

For more information, feel free to contact us – it will be a pleasure to speak with you.